The DeepWind Project

Description of work

The new proposed simple floating offshore wind turbine concept consist of a long vertical tube that rotates in the water, a vertical axis rotor at the top, a bottom based generator and a sea-bed fixing system at the bottom. However, though being simple, the technology behind the concept presents extensive challenges needing explicit research, especially: dynamics of the system, pultruded blades with better material properties, sub-sea generator, mooring and torque absorption system, and torque, lift and drag on the rotating and floating shaft foundation.

In order to evaluate the concept against floating offshore horizontal axis wind turbines, exploration of new technologies is needed for development of the individual components, and for evaluation of the overall concept.

These technologies comprise:

  1. numerical tools for prediction of energy production, dynamics, loads and fatigue,
  2. tools for design and production of blades
  3. tools for design of generator and controls,
  4. design of mooring and torque absorption systems
  5. knowledge of friction torque and lift and drag on rotating tube.

The technologies need verification, and in the project verification is made by:

  1. proof-of principles testing of components and a small kW sized technology demonstrator,
  2. integration of all technologies in demonstration of the possibility of building a 5MW wind turbine based on the concept, and an evaluation of the perspectives for the concept.

Six work packages comprise research in key technologies, in which development of tools for optimization and design is substantial elements. One work package comprises demonstration of the concept feasibility with the demonstrator and dedicated experiments. One work package integrates all technologies in demonstration of the possibility of building a 5MW wind turbine based on the concept, and the outlook of a 20MW turbine. One work package associates dissemination and exploitation of the results, and one with management.

Expected results and Exploitation Plans
The project comprises research on an emerging high risk energy technology. The project is to a large extent based on previous knowledge and development in vertical axis technology, but it is combined with recent deep sea-based offshore technologies and with advanced, large scale blade pultrusion technology in order to establish a new field of development. The expected results will reflect this new combination of different technologies, and will primarily give answers to whether the proposed technology has a chance to emerge into a development of large scale wind turbine systems based on the proposed concept. More specifically, the project work packages will result in a range of proof-of-principle tests and development of a toolbox of design tools that will support the overall key question.
Artistic view of the offshore floating concept
The development of the aero-elastic code and the verification in tests is a main result that will contribute to rapid concept development and up-scaling in future projects. The work packages on sub-systems will reveal the weak points of the proposed concept and will present realistic design solutions that can be used in prototype constructions.

The project results will first of all be exploited by the project partners that will gain substantial knowledge for development of the concept in future projects. The project consortium will with the background of this project gain the prerequisites necessary for prototyping and later up-scaling to very large systems. Spin-offs in the new field of technology may transform into potential patents. The results are disseminated for public awareness, making the technology socially acceptable and widening information for the wind energy industry and power distributors for an emerging technology. The project duration is three years, and two PhD's and two Post Docs will be connected to the project.
25 FEBRUARY 2024